As you dive deeper into the green new world of cannabidiol (CBD) oil, the sought after extraction from the cannabis plant, you might come across the term “hemp oil” in association with the popular cannabinoid. It is understandable if you’re suddenly confused as to what the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil is, and you are not alone. Now that CBD is gaining massive popularity, partly due to the 2018 Farm Bill, it’s common for companies to blindly label their products as containing either CBD oil or hemp oil. Additionally, you may see cannabis products with different cannabis ingredients on their labels such as “hemp seed oil” or “Cannabis Sativa seed oil.” If you’re not sure exactly what’s what, then continue reading below for an easy-to-understand breakdown of the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil.
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So what is the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil? The first thing you should consider when asking this question is the difference between a hemp plant and a marijuana plant. It mostly comes down to the legal status of each of those plants.
There is a lot of controversy over the naming convention of cannabis plants, but here is the gist of it: both hemp and marijuana are slightly different strains of the Cannabis Sativa species. The difference here is that hemp contains less than .3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis) and trace amounts of other cannabinoids, like the favored CBD. Contrarily, marijuana contains much higher amounts of THC; over .3% of it.
In short, hemp oil is what you get when you extract CBD from the hemp plant, and CBD oil is what you get when you extract CBD from either a hemp plant or a marijuana plant. So it’s pretty much the same thing.
You may be wondering why CBD is extracted from either the hemp plant or the marijuana plant in the first place. This is due to the legal status of each plant. Cannabis is still federally illegal if it contains more than .3% of the psychoactive cannabinoid called THC. But since hemp contains less than the legal limit of THC, it has been popularly grown for decades. And thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill Act, hemp can be grown and legally transported across state lines, which has opened the floodgates for the current boom in CBD products.
Hemp Seed Oil (Cannabis Sativa seed oil)
To add a little more confusion to the mix, some products are also sold as containing “hemp seed oil”. You may think that, because you can extract CBD oil from hemp plants, this must mean that hemp seed oil and CBD oil are the same things. But they’re not. The same goes for “Cannabis Sativa seed oil,” this is the same thing as hemp seed oil. These oils are extracted specifically from the seeds of hemp plants and thus contain very different properties than CBD oil or hemp oil. For example, hemp seed oil does not contain CBD and instead contains other nutrients that are good for cooking with. Unfortunately, the terms “hemp oil” and “hemp seed oil” are used interchangeably at times.
So there you have it. You should now be able to look at the ingredients of cannabis products and identify what they are. This will help you to not be deceived by false advertising, and should also help you in better choosing which cannabis products are right for you.